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Flight Instruments

There are different kinds of flight instruments that are used by the pilots and engineers for lending speed and velocity to the air craft when it is flying at a particular Altitude. The Flight Instruments help in determining the following functions of an air craft such as the following:

*  Direction

*  Altitude

*  Attitude

*  Speed or velocity

Some of the commonly used equipment in the Flight Instrument category is:

*  Artificial horizon

*  Rate of climb indicator

*  Speed Indicator

*  Altimeter

*  Repair Instrument

*  Overhaul Instrument

*  Air Speed Indicator

*  TOT Indicator

*  TIT Indicator

*  ITT Indicator

*  Inverter Compass

*  Landing Gear

*  Switch Cockpit

*  Voice Recorder

*  Brake Temp

*  Indicator

*  Rate Gyro Turn Coordinator

The usage of a Flight Instrument is marked by the processes and rules of the air craft flying. An IFR pilot can fly by looking solely at the instrument panel. This person is also authorized to fly through the clouds with the help of the procedures of Air Traffic Control for maintaining a demarcation from the other air crafts. A lot of scheduled flights operate under the rules of the IFR.

What are some of the Flight Instruments that are used?

*  The heading indicator is also known as the Rate Gyro Turn Coordinator that is called the gyro compass and lends a Directional aspect to the air craft. Advanced air crafts like the jet air crafts have the heading to be replaced with the help of a Horizontal Situation Indicator or HIS that provides the same kind of heading information and helps with navigation.

*  The turn indicator is one of the Flight Instruments that demonstrates the direction of the turn as well as the rate of the turn. This Indicator Engine makes use of an inclinometer that is mounted internally for displaying the quality of the turn. The original bank as well as turn indicator had been replaced in the early years of the late 1960s and 1970s by the new turn coordinator for helping in the rolling and rate of turn.

*  The vertical speed indicator is one of the Flight Instruments that vertical Speed Indicator or the VSI is also at times known as the variometer and it is used to indicate or identify the changes that take place in atmospheric pressure and indicate the information to the pilot in terms of the descent or climb per minute in the unit of a feet, knots or meters per second.

*  The radio magnetic indicator or RMI is usually used to link it with an automatic direction finder or the ADF that helps in the clasping of the non directional beacon or the NDB. A simple automatic direction finder has a single needle, while the radio magnetic indicator helps the signals to be triangulated. It also comes with a couple of ADF receivers.

The Exchange Flight Instruments like the layout comprise 6 instruments that are arranged in a basic T shape and includes:

*  Air Speed Indicator

*  Altimeter

*  Attitude indicator

*  Turn Indicator

*  Head Indicator

*  Vertical Speed Indicator

The above instruments are used along with others for usage in the aircrafts.

For more information on other Avionics Instruments go to:

King Air 200

Dash 8

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