Attitude Gyro

The Attitude Gyro is a part of the control apparatus of an air craft and comprises the instruments that include power such as the following:

*  Tachometer: The 8 Day Tachometer is used in the propeller air crafts

*  Torque meter: The torque meter is used in the turbo props

*  Exhaust Pressure Ratio Indicator: The Exhaust Pressure Ratio Indicator is used in the turbo jets

*  Altimeter: The altimeter is a part of the flying gear

Operation of the Aircraft Attitude Gyro

The Attitude Gyro is an Air Speed Indicator that demonstrates the rotation of two kinds of rotations like following:

*  Longitudinal axis for identifying the degree of the bank

*  Lateral axis for identifying the pitch of the bank in the following categories:

§ Nose up

§ Level

§ Nose down

*  The Attitude Gyro uses the rigidity of the gyro which is also gimbaled to allow the rotation of the air craft in the lateral axis thus indicating the attitude of the pitch.

*  The Attitude Gyro rotates along the longitudinal axis for indicating the attitude of the roll.

The indicators of the gyro are the TOT Indicator, TIT Indicator, ITT Indicator and the Speed Indicator, which once powered, is maintained in a static position irrespective of the position of the Attitude Gyro. The Rate Gyro Turn Coordinator makes sure that all the components of the air craft function in an effective manner.

Parts of the Attitude Gyro

The Attitude Gyro is made up of various components, some of which have been listed as follows:

  1. The miniature wings are attached to the case and they are positioned in a parallel way to the wings of the air craft.

  1. The horizon bar is a constituent that separates the parts of the ball. The top is light in color and the bottom is dark in color.

  1. On the upper rim of the dial of the Flight Director, the degree marks are provided and the first 3 of them are present on either side of the center. They are placed at an angle of 10 degrees apart from one another; the next set is placed 60 degrees apart from one another; while the final one is placed at 90 degrees apart from each another.

The adjustment knob helps regulate the wings of the air craft and determines the Turbine Speed. It is aligned with the help of the horizon bar and helps adjust the pilot’s height. The adjustment should preferably be made when the air craft is standing on the ground level.

The level flight of the air craft is achieved once the wings are set in alignment with the horizon bar and the air craft is elevating itself. The horizon bar also has wings below it and these are indicative of a descent.

The rotor of the Attitude Gyro is placed above a sealed housing and it moves in a horizontal plane around the vertical axis of the lateral axis that pivots around the longitudinal axis. The gyroscopic rigidity is maintained with the horizon bar.

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